Today, businesses are digitally transforming to leverage the expertise offered by offshore development firms or remote development teams. As a consequence, it turn out to be quite challenging to search for and hire developers with comprehensive capabilities. If you are thoughtful about growing your online business or scaling it up, you will need to hire full-stack developers for your company or project.
Who is a Full Stack Developer & What Do They Do?
A full-stack developer is an experienced programmer who can develop both front-end (client-side) and back-end (server-side) scripts for any program. As a result, it is relaxed to navigate between different parts of an application developed by a full-stack developer without facing delays. This becomes a great advantage when you are planning to expand the features of your application. These days, more and more developers are observing to transition into the profile of a full-stack developer in 2021.
The reason why full-stack developers are now being preferred by enterprises and for large-scale projects is that they can understand the project’s business requirements into consideration. Then they take complete responsibility for developing and deploying the application. A full-stack developer is well equipped to work with MVC frameworks, UI frameworks, databases, application servers, and in some cases, even operating systems. A full-stack developer doesn’t need to be an expert in all three domains of front-end development, back-end development, and database, but they will be able to work with them simultaneously.
Full-stack developers usually come with a profound experience under their belt, in most cases almost 10 years’ worth of experience. Of course, you will need to dole out a massive amount of money to hire one for your project, but it ends up saving more for you as you will not have to pay multiple developers for a task that one developer can do.
Skills to Look For in a Full-Stack Developer
1. Front End UI Development Technologies
3. HTTP and REST
HTTP is a communication protocol that allows the server and client communication, while REST acts as an interface between systems using HTTP for data processing operations. In simpler terms, REST API enables back-end scripts to communicate with the front-end program. Hence, it becomes essential for a full-stack developer to be adept at implementing HTTP and REST.
4. Back End Programming
Back-end programming, also known as server-side scripting, is developing code that imparts functionality to a program. For example, it allows the front-end to communicate with the database and process data in the application. Back-end development is done using programming languages such as PHP, Java, Node.js, Python, and ASP.NET.
The focus of back-end programmers is the speed and responsiveness of the application. Therefore, Back-end development proficiency is another essential skill for a developer to be considered a full-stack developer. If your full stack developer doesn’t have profound PHP skills then you might need to hire a PHP developer.
Any application will contain or process data that will need to be stored somewhere for retrieval later. This is done using databases such as SQL and MongoDB. A professional full-stack developer should understand and implement database queries for relational databases and memory storage. A full-stack developer should also be able to differentiate between relational and non-relational databases and have syntax knowledge of JSON and XML.
5. Git and GitHub
Git is a web-based open-source repository offered as a hosting service that allows developers to effectively manage every change to the codes, documents, and information related to a website or application under development. Experienced full-stack developers are expected to know how to use Git and have their established GitHub profile where they have uploaded their code repository. This is essential because Git is considered one of the best version control systems used by companies and developers worldwide.
5. Web Architecture
The above 6 skills are not enough to make a developer a full-stack developer. A full-stack developer has vast experience with front-end and back-end development. This must be augmented with code structuring, file separation, and data structures, which will help the developer create complex web applications.
The requirement for full-stack developers in the industry is poised to increase over the next few years. A developer who possesses all the skills mentioned above will be optimally placed to handle the best and most complex projects and work at the forefront of the digital era.